Italian SSN: public or private, little changes.
WHAT IS THE SSN?
The National Health Service (SSN) represents all the functions, activities and welfare services managed and provided by the Italian State.
HOW DOES IT WORK IN ITALY?
Art. 32 of the Italian Constitution establishes the “right to health” of all individuals. We can say that it is a “universalistic” public system, typical of a welfare state, which guarantees health care to all citizens, financed by the state itself through general taxation and direct revenues (health tickets and benefits for a fee).
HOW ARE WE IN ITALY COMPARED TO THE WORLD?
According to WHO research, Italy has the world’s second-best health care system in terms of spending efficiency and access to public care for citizens, after France.
According to a ranking drawn up by Bloomberg, he was third in the world for spending efficiency (see chart below).
BETTER PUBLIC OR PRIVATE HEALTH?
It is not an easy question. Public health allows the citizen to have full coverage at any time. There are cons: bureaucratic inefficiency and the laxity of the workers. On the contrary, private health is very efficient, with costs that should be borne directly by the citizen, in return for having an efficient service but with costs that insurance companies often pass on to the citizen. You see cases in America.
In Italy, for the moment there is a system of mixing between the two.
Are we safe from this pandemic?
Of course, our SSN includes very capable doctors and allows care for everyone with a great quality of work. Unfortunately, because of disrespectful people, the SSN cannot continue to withstand the chaos of the last few days. Moreover, many governments have always tried to cut health care down to the bone. Now, as never before, we need to invest in health care. To help those who are sick and to help all those who are busy H24 to save us.